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26                       tHE FATE OF MAN

denial of man.   Humanism has become power-
less and must be replaced*   Humanism bound up
with the renaissance of antiquity is very frail;
its development implies an aristocratic social
order and democracy has dealt it terrible blows,
with the masses  and  the power of technics
breaking into cultural life.   The machine de-
humanizes human life.   Man, desiring no longer
to be the image of God, becomes the image of
the machine.   In its process of democratization,
beginning with the eighteenth century,, humanism
goes along the line of subjecting man to society,
to social ordinariness, it generalizes man—it is
losing itself.

This democratized and generalized humanism
has ceased to be attentive to man: it is interested
in the structure of society, but not in man's inner
life.   This  is a fatal and inevitable process.
Hence humanism can never be a force capable
of withstanding the process of dehumanization.
From humanism, which is, after all, a sort of
middle-of-the-road humanity, progress is possible
in two directions, up or down; toward the idea
of the God-man, or toward that of the beast-man*
Movement toward super-humanity and the super-
man, toward super-human powers, all too often
means nothing other than a bestialization of man-
Modem anti-humanism takes the form of bestial-
istnu   It uses the tragic and unfortunate Nietzsche